Legal research methodology

Presentation on small legal project

Presentation on small legal project

Preliminary matter 

The pages dealing with preliminary matters should be numbered in small roman numerals to distinguish them from the main text. It contains the following items-

  • Title page- it contains the title of the legal project and researchers name, date of submission and name of the Institute where it is presented. It also contains the name of the supervisor or guide. 
  • Acknowledgement page- thispageisdevoted to those whose help or inspiration, or guidance was obtained anyway. 
  • Preface/abstract- it provides a summary of the legal project. 
  • Table of content- A well-developed table of content should be produced to enable the reader to choose rapidly and judiciously the topics or sub-topics that he may like to read. It includes a chapter, heading, subheading. 
  • Table of cases- the cases should be arranged in alphabetical order with their details. (Name of court, year, citation) 
  • List of abbreviations- all the short forms of the words used in the project should be written in alphabetical order in this case. 
  • Research methodology– in this page, scope, aim, research problem, hypothesis and research design is mentioned. 

Main text

This part is providing as follows;

  • Introduction- this is the first part of the research project. It usually contains the statement of facts leading up to the choice of the problem, the purpose of study, the value and significance attached to the problem and any other related information about the topic. 
  • The main body of the research project- The main body contains a detailed elaboration of the research topic chosen for the study. It can be divided into chapters. The researcher must be accurate information with total clarity. The researcher must footnote whatever has been written by others. He should be careful of Plagiarism and copyright issues. It should be written in very systematic order. 
  • Conclusion- the last portion of the main text is the conclusion which contains the researcher finding and the generalization he has formulated based on his study. 

End matter

The end matter contains the following items:

Footnotes: A footnote is placed on the bottom of the page of the project or the book for further reference in the context of the text cited. 

Relevance or importance of the footnote: 

  • It provides information with which the reader may be unfamiliar. 
  • It clarifies the information provided in the document.
  •  It saves time if the reader is looking for unfamiliar words or sections. 
  • It provides material for further reference.

Bibliography: it includes all references to related material on the research topic. It furnishes a clue to the quality of the research project. It helps interested readers in developing the problem further or studying another angle of the problem. The references ate arranged in alphabetical or sometimes in chronological. 

  • Appendix: it includes letters, questioners, tests or tables used in collecting data. 
  • Synopsis: It is a summary or outline of the research work. It provides a brief description of the thesis.
  •  Judicial cases: A legal case where the court resolves the dispute between opposite parties. It can be a civil or criminal matter. 
  • Tabulation: It is a summarization of results in the form of statistical tables.  Tabulation is a systematic organization of data in columns and rows. A table is a set of rows and columns where information is presented in a tabulated form. 
Presentation on small legal project Punctuations

Steps of synopsis

  • Cover page
  • Acknowledgement
  • Certificate
  • Table of content
  • List of cases
  • List of Abbreviation
  • Abstract
  • Research methodology
  • Main body
  • Characteristics
  • Conclusions and suggestions


  • It is used of spacing and conventional signs, which helps interpret the text in classes which facilitates understanding of the text. 
  • According to Oscar Wilde, proper punctuation is both the sign and cause of dear thinking. 

Comma: writers use a comma when they would pause while reading a sentence. The function of a comma is to break the continuity of a sentence. 

Use of comma:

  • To separate items in a list.
  •  To separate independent clauses in a compound sentence. 

Semi- colon: the semi colon (;) is used to connect independent clauses. A semicolon is also used to separate items in a series (where commas are already used). 

Colon: a colon (:) is used before a list or quote. A colon is used to separate hours and minutes. A colon is used to separate elements of a mathematical ratio. 

Dash: a dash ( _ ) is used to separate parts of a sentence. Ex: Paul sang badly _ and he thought he was good. 

Hyphen: a hyphen (-) is used between parts of a compound word or name. Ex: sixteen-year-old girl. 

Ellipsis: an ellipsis (…… ) indicates that part of the text has intentionally been left out. Ex: 0 2,4,…….,100

Exclamation point: an exclamation (!) Point is used to show emphasis. Ex: It is cold! 

Question mark: question mark (?) is used at the end of a question. 

Quotation mark: quotation marks (“) are used at the beginning and end of the phrase. 

Parentheses: parentheses ( ( ) ) are covered notations used to contain further thought or qualifying remarks. 

Brackets: brackets are the squared-off notation ([ ]). These are used when someone wants to modify another person’s works. It may be used to clarify. Ex. Amendment

Style sheet

It is a standard set for writing and designing documents for general use or a specific publication. It establishes and enforces a style to improve communication. It ensures consistency within the document and enforces best practise in the usage of language, composition and orthography, which includes spelling, capitalization etc. 

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