‘Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere’- Martin Luther King Jr.
After the holocaust of World War II, the United Nations (UN) was declared as the international body for guardianship of international peace. As in order to maintain peace, humans should understand each other’s rights or their duties respectively but for which need of a uniform set of rules is required. Unfortunately, there were no such set of rules that protects all humans globally. Safety of individuals was termed as the duty of state in which they reside without any outside interference.
Soon as things began to evolve, authorities began to understand the importance of Human Rights that they are not solely the matter of concern for a particular state or country but should be discussed globally.
There are various things which should be recognized and protected widely:
- Fulfillment of basic needs of humans
- Protection from abuse
- Assurance of basic freedoms
- Accountability of government for their actions
Shortly, after contemplation, United Nations adopted UDHR (The Universal Declaration of Human Rights) in 1948 as a weapon for maintenance of international peace. It guarantees rights and freedoms to all human beings.
As people in society may consider distinct things important within one generation and may alter their views over a period of time. Therefore, in order to remain relevant, law must uphold the faith of society in the present time. Similarly, Human Rights has also been evolved through years.
Well in this scenario I recollect a quote by Nelson Mandela: ‘To deny people their Human Rights, is to challenge their humanity’.