Constitution of India

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The Indian Constitution is to be considered ad Grundnorm of the land. Indian Constitution is the longest written Constitution. It imparted constitutional supremacy (not parliamentary supremacy, since a constituent assembly created it rather than Parliament) and was adopted by its people with a declaration in its preamble. Parliament cannot override the Constitution.

Indian Constitution was adopted on 26 November 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India and became effective on 26 January 1950. It Contains 395 Articles with 12 Schedules in it. 26 November is celebrated as Republic Day.
The Constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic, assures its citizen’s justice, equality and liberty, and promotes fraternity. The words “secular” and “socialist” were added to the preamble in 1976 during the Emergency.

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